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Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book III Chapter 24: Internal Disturbances -- Peace concluded with the Aequi.[458 BC]
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When this war had been brought to a close, the fears of the patricians were aroused by a war which the tribunes commenced at home. They exclaimed that the army was being detained abroad from dishonest motives; it was intended to frustrate the passing of the Law; all the same they would carry through the task they had begun. Lucius Lucretius, the prefect of the City, succeeded, however, in inducing the tribunes to defer action till the arrival of the consuls. |
A fresh cause of trouble arose. Aulus Cornelius and Quintus Servilius, the quaestors [Note 56] indicted Marcus Volscius on the ground that he had given what was undoubtedly false evidence against Caeso. It had become known from many sources that after the brother of Volscius first became ill, he had not only never been seen in public, but had not even left his bed, and his death was due to an illness of many months' standing. On the date at which the witness fixed the crime, Caeso was not seen in Rome, whilst those who had served with him declared that he had constantly been in his place in the ranks with them and had not had leave of absence. Many people urged Volscius to institute a private suit before a judge. As he did not venture to take this course, and all the above mentioned evidence pointed to one conclusion, his condemnation was no more doubtful than that of Caeso had been on the evidence which he had given. The tribunes managed to delay matters; they said they would not allow the quaestors to bring the accused before the Assembly unless it had first been convened to carry the Law. Both questions were adjourned till the arrival of the consuls. When they made their triumphal entry at the head of their victorious army, nothing was said about the Law; most people therefore supposed that the tribunes were intimidated. But it was now the end of the year and they were aiming at a fourth year of office, so they turned their activity from the Law to canvassing the electors. Though the consuls had opposed the tribunes' continuance in office as strenuously as if the Law had been mooted solely to impair their authority, the victory remained with the tribunes.
In the same year the Aequi sued for and obtained peace. The census, commenced the previous year, was completed, and the lustrum," which was then closed, is stated to have been the tenth since the beginning of the City. The numbers of the census amounted to 117,319. The consuls in that year won a great reputation both at home and in war, for they secured peace abroad, and though there was not harmony at home, the common-wealth was less disturbed than it had been on other occasions.
|Hoc bello perfecto tribunicium domi bellum patres territat. Clamant fraude fieri quod foris teneatur exercitus; frustrationem eam legis tollendae esse; se nihilo minus rem susceptam peracturos. Obtinuit tamen L. Lucretius praefectus urbis ut actiones tribuniciae in aduentum consulum differrentur. Erat et noua exorta causa motus. A. Cornelius et Q. Seruilius quaestores M. Volscio, quod falsus haud dubie testis in Caesonem exstitisset, diem dixerant. Multis enim emanabat indiciis neque fratrem Volsci ex quo semel fuerit aeger unquam non modo uisum in publico, sed ne adsurrexisse quidem ex morbo, multorumque tabe mensum mortuum; nec iis temporibus in quae testis crimen coniecisset Caesonem Romae uisum, adfirmantibus qui una meruerant secum eum tum frequentemque ad signa sine ullo commeatu fuisse. Nisi ita esset multi priuatim ferebant Volscio iudicem. Cum ad iudicium ire non auderet, omnes eae res in unum congruentes haud magis dubiam damnationem Volsci quam Caesonis Volscio teste fuerat faciebant. In mora tribuni erant, qui comitia quaestores habere de reo, nisi prius habita de lege essent, passuros negabant. Ita extracta utraque res in consulum aduentum est. Qui ubi triumphantes uictore cum exercitu urbem inierunt, quia silentium de lege erat, perculsos magna pars credebant tribunos; at illi—etenim extremum anni iam erat,—quartum adfectantes tribunatum, in comitiorum disceptationem ab lege certamen auerterant. Et cum consules nihilo minus aduersus continuationem tribunatus quam si lex minuendae suae maiestatis causa promulgata ferretur tetendissent uictoria certaminis penes tribunos fuit. Eodem anno Aequis pax est petentibus data. Census, res priore anno incohata, perficitur, idque lustrum ab origine urbis decimum conditum ferunt. Censa ciuium capita centum septendecim milia trecenta undeuiginti. Consulum magna domi bellique eo anno gloria fuit, quod et foris pacem peperere, et domi, etsi non concors, minus tamen quam alias infesta ciuitas fuit.|