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Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book IV Chapter 61: Aequi and Volscians beaten.[405-4 BC]
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These tribunes were Titus Quinctius Capitolinus, Quintus Quinctius Cincinnatus, Gaius Julius Julus -- for the second time -- Aulus Manlius, Lucius Furius Medullinus -- for the third time -- and Manius Aemilius Mamercus. It was by them that Veii was first invested. Immediately after the siege had commenced, a largely - attended meeting of the national Council of the Etruscans was held at the fane of Voltumna, but no decision was arrived at as to whether the Veientines should be defended by the armed strength of the whole nation. |
The following year the siege was prosecuted with less vigour owing to some of the tribunes and a portion of the army being called off to the Volscian war. The consular tribunes for the year were Gaius Valerius Potitus -- for the third time -- Manius Sergius Fidenas, Publius Cornelius Maluginensis, Gnaeus Cornelius Cossus, Kaeso Fabius Ambustus, and Spurius Nautius Rutilus -- for the second time. A pitched battle was fought with the Volscians between Ferentinum and Ecetrae , which resulted in favour of the Romans. Then the tribunes commenced the siege of Artena, a Volscian town. In attempting a sortie the enemy were driven back into the town, giving thereby an opportunity to the Romans of forcing an entrance, and with the exception of the citadel the whole place was captured. A body of the enemy retired into the citadel, which was protected by the nature of its position; below the citadel many were killed or taken prisoners. The citadel was then invested, but it could not be taken by assault as the defenders were quite sufficient for the extent of the fortifications, nor was there any hope of its surrendering, as all the corn from the public magazines had been conveyed there before the city was taken. The Romans would have retired in disgust had not a slave betrayed the place to them. The soldiers, guided by him up some steep ground, effected its capture, and after they had massacred those on guard, the rest, panic-struck, surrendered.
After the town and citadel had been demolished, the legions were withdrawn from Volscian territory and the whole strength of Rome was directed against Veii. The traitor was rewarded not only with his freedom, but also with the property of two households, and was called Servius Romanus.
|Fuere autem tribuni T. Quinctius Capitolinus Q. Quinctius Cincinnatus C. Iulius Iulus iterum A. Manlius L. Furius Medullinus tertium M". Aemilius Mamercus. Ab iis primum circumsessi Veii sunt; sub cuius initium obsidionis cum Etruscorum concilium ad fanum voltumnae frequenter habitum esset, parum constitit bellone publico gentis universae tuendi Veientes essent. Ea oppugnatio segnior insequenti anno fuit, parte tribunorum exercitusque ad Volscum avocata bellum. Tribunos militum consulari potestate is annus habuit C. Valerium Potitum tertium M". Sergium Fidenatem P. Cornelium Maluginensem Cn. Cornelium Cossum C. Fabium Ambustum Sp. Nautium Rutulum iterum. Cum Volscis inter Ferentinum atque Ecetram signis conlatis dimicatum; Romanis secunda fortuna pugnae fuit. Artena inde, Volscorum oppidum, ab tribunis obsideri coepta. Inde inter eruptionem temptatam compulso in urbem hoste, occasio data est Romanis inrumpendi, praeterque arcem cetera capta; in arcem munitam natura globus armatorum concessit; infra arcem caesi captique multi mortales. Arx deinde obsidebatur; nec aut vi capi poterat, quia pro spatio loci satis praesidii habebat, aut spem dabat deditionis, omni publico frumento priusquam urbs caperetur in arcem conuecto; taedioque recessum inde foret ni seruus arcem Romanis prodidisset. Ab eo milites per locum arduum accepti cepere; a quibus cum custodes trucidarentur, cetera multitudo repentino pauore oppressa in deditionem venit. Diruta et arce et urbe Artena, reductae legiones ex Volscis, omnisque vis Romana Veios conuersa est. Proditori praeter libertatem duarum familiarum bona in praemium data; Seruius Romanus vocitatus. Sunt qui Artenam Veientium, non Volscorum fuisse credant. Praebet errorem quod eiusdem nominis urbs inter Caere atque Veios fuit; sed eam reges Romani deleuere, Caeretumque, non Veientium fuerat; altera haec nomine eodem in Volsco agro fuit, cuius excidium est dictum.|