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Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book IX Chapter 28: War with Samnites. Siege of Bovianum.[313 BC]
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After this great victory the consuls advanced to Bovianum, which they proceeded to invest. They remained there in winter-quarters until Gaius Poetilius, who had been named dictator with Marcus Foslius as Master of the Horse, took over the army from the new consuls, Lucius Papirius Cursor, consul for the fifth time, and Gaius Junius Bubulcus, for the second time. On learning that the citadel of Fregellae had been captured by the Samnites, he raised the siege of Bovianum and marched to Fregellae. The place was retaken without fighting, for the Samnites evacuated it in the night, and after leaving a strong garrison there, the dictator returned to Campania with the main object of recovering Nola. At his approach the whole of the Samnite population and the native peasantry retired within the walls. After examining the position of the city, he gave orders for all the buildings outside the wall -- and there was a considerable population in the suburbs -- to be destroyed in order to render the approach easier. Not long afterwards, Nola was taken, either by the dictator or by the consul, Gaius Junius, for both accounts are given. Those who give the credit of the capture to the consul state that Atina and Calatia were also taken by him, and they explain the appointment of Poetilius by saying that he was nominated dictator for the purpose of driving in the nail on the outbreak of an epidemic. |
Colonies sent out this year to Suessa and Pontia; Suessa had belonged to the Auruncans, and the island of Pontia had been inhabited by the Volscians, as it lay off their coast. The senate also authorised the settlement of a colony at Interamna on the Casinus, but it fell to the succeeding consuls, Marcus Valerius and Publius Decius, to appoint the commissioners and send out the colonists to the number of 4000.
|Consules egregia uictoria parta protinus inde ad Bouianum oppugnandum legiones ducunt; ibique hiberna egerunt, donec ab nouis consulibus, L. Papirio Cursore quintum C. Iunio Bubulco iterum nominatus dictator C. Poetelius cum M. Folio magistro equitum exercitum accepit. Is, cum audisset arcem Fregellanam ab Samnitibus captam, omisso Bouiano ad Fregellas pergit; unde nocturna Samnitium fuga sine certamine receptis Fregellis praesidioque ualido imposito in Campaniam reditum maxime ad Nolam armis repetendam. Eo se intra moenia sub aduentum dictatoris et Samnitium omnis multitudo et Nolana agrestis contulerat. Dictator urbis situ circumspecto, quo apertior aditus ad moenia esset, omnia aedificia—et frequenter ibi habitabatur —circumiecta muris incendit; nec ita multo post siue a Poetelio dictatore siue ab C. Iunio consule—nam utrumque traditur—Nola est capta. Qui captae decus Nolae ad consulem trahunt, adiciunt Atinam et Calatiam ab eodem captas, Poetelium autem pestilentia orta claui figendi causa dictatorem dictum. Suessa et Pontiae eodem anno coloniae deductae sunt. Suessa Auruncorum fuerat; Volsci Pontias, insulam sitam in conspectu litoris sui, incoluerant. Et Interamnam Sucasinam ut deduceretur colonia, senatus consultum factum est; sed triumuiros creauere ac misere colonorum quattuor milia insequentes consules M. Valerius P. Decius.|