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Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book III Chapter 3: War of Aequi and Volscians (Cont.)[465 BC]
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Accordingly, leaving a detachment to guard the camp, they sallied forth, and made such devastating forays in the Roman territory that the terror they caused extended even to the City. The alarm was all the greater because such proceedings were quite unexpected. For nothing was less to be feared than that an enemy who had been defeated and almost surrounded in his camp should think of predatory incursions, whilst the panic-stricken country people, pouring in at the gates and exaggerating everything in their wild alarm, exclaimed that they were not mere raids or small bodies of plunderers, entire armies of the enemy were near, preparing to swoop down on the City in force. Those who were nearest carried what they heard to others, and the vague rumours became still more exaggerated and false. The running and clamour of men shouting "To arms!" created nearly as great a panic as though the City was actually taken. Fortunately the consul Quinctius had returned to Rome from Algidus. This relieved their fears, and after allaying the excitement and rebuking them for being afraid of a defeated enemy, he stationed troops to guard the gates. The senate was then convened, and on their authority he proclaimed a suspension of all business; after which he set out to protect the frontier, leaving Quintus Servilius as prefect of the City. He did not, however, find the enemy. |
The other consul [Note 1] achieved a brilliant success. He ascertained by what routes the parties of the enemy would come, attacked each while laden with plunder and therefore hampered in their movements, and made their plundering expeditions fatal to them. Few of the enemy escaped; all the plunder was recovered. The consul's return put an end to the suspension of business, which lasted four days.
Then the census was made and the lustrum closed by Quinctius. The numbers of the census are stated to have been one hundred and four thousand seven hundred and fourteen, exclusive of widows and orphans.
Nothing further of any importance occurred amongst the Aequi. They withdrew into their towns and looked on passively at the rifling and burning of their homesteads. After repeatedly marching through the length and breadth of the enemies' territory and carrying destruction everywhere, the consul returned to Rome with immense glory and immense spoil.
Note 1: other consul = Quinctius Fabius
Event: War with Aequi and Volscians
|Relicto itaque castris praesidio egressi tanto cum tumultu inuasere fines Romanos, ut ad urbem quoque terrorem pertulerint. Necopinata etiam res plus trepidationis fecit, quod nihil minus quam ne uictus ac prope in castris obsessus hostis memor populationis esset timeri poterat; agrestesque pauidi incidentes portis non populationem nec praedonum paruas manus, sed omnia uano augentes timore exercitus et legiones adesse hostium et infesto agmine ruere ad urbem clamabant. Ab his proximi audita incerta eoque uaniora ferre ad alios. Cursus clamorque uocantium ad arma haud multum a pauore captae urbis abesse. Forte ab Algido Quinctius consul redierat Romam. Id remedium timori fuit; tumultuque sedato uictos timeri increpans hostes, praesidia portis imposuit. Vocato dein senatu cum ex auctoritate patrum iustitio indicto profectus ad tutandos fines esset Q. Seruilio praefecto urbis relicto, hostem in agris non inuenit. Ab altero consule res gesta egregie est; qui, qua uenturum hostem sciebat, grauem praeda eoque impeditiore agmine incedentem adgressus, funestam populationem fecit. Pauci hostium euasere ex insidiis, praeda omnis recepta est. Sic finem iustitio, quod quadriduum fuit, reditus Quincti consulis in urbem fecit. Census deinde actus et conditum ab Quinctio lustrum. Censa ciuium capita centum quattuor milia septingenta quattuordecim dicuntur praeter orbos orbasque. In Aequis nihil deinde memorabile actum; in oppida sua se recepere, uri sua popularique passi. Consul cum aliquotiens per omnem hostium agrum infesto agmine populabundus isset, cum ingenti laude praedaque Romam rediit.|