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Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book IX Chapter 20: New alliances.[318-7 BC]
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Marcus Foslius Flaccina and Lucius Plautius Venox were the next consuls. In this year several communities amongst the Samnites made overtures for a fresh treaty. These deputations, when admitted to an audience, prostrated themselves on the ground, and their humble attitude influenced the senate in their favour. Their prayers. however, were by no means so efficacious with the Assembly, to which they had been referred by the senate. Their request for a treaty was refused, but after they had spent several days in appealing to individual citizens, they succeeded in obtaining a two years' truce. In Apulia, too, the people of Teanum and Canusium, tired of the constant ravages which they had suffered, gave hostages and surrendered to the consul, Lucius Plautius. |
It was in this year also that prefects were first appointed for Capua and a code of laws given to that city by the praetor, Lucius Furius. Both these boons were granted in response to a request from the Campanians themselves as a remedy for the deplorable state of things brought about by civic discord.
Two new tribes were formed, the Ufentine and the Falernian. As the power of Apulia was declining, the people of Teate (1) came to the new consuls, Gaius Junius Bubulcus and Quintus Aemilius Barbula, to negotiate for a treaty. They gave a formal undertaking that throughout Apulia peace would be maintained towards Rome, and the confident assurances they gave led to a treaty being granted, not, however, as between two independent states; they were to acknowledge the suzerainty of Rome. After the subjugation of Apulia -- for Forentum, also a place of considerable strength, had been captured by Junius -- an advance was made into Lucania, and the consul, Aemilius, surprised and captured the city of Nerulum
The order introduced into Capua by the adoption of Roman institutions had become generally known amongst the states in alliance with Rome, and the Antiates asked for the same privilege, as they were without a fixed code of laws or any regular magistrates of their own. The patrons of the colony (2) were commissioned by the senate to draw out a system of jurisprudence. Not only the arms of Rome but her laws were spreading far and wide.
(1): this form of the name Livy probably found in the annalist whom he was consulting at the time. It is, however, in all probability the Teanum mentioned above which is found inscribed on coins as Teate.
(2): Probably Romans of high standing, who were chosen by individual cities or by cantons to act as their agents-general in the City. Or possibly the term denotes the three comissioners (triumviri) who had supervised the settlement of the colony.
|M. Folius Flaccina inde et L. Plautius Venox consules facti. Eo anno ab frequentibus Samnitium populis de foedere renouando legati cum senatum humi strati mouissent, reiecti ad populum haudquaquam tam efficaces habebant preces. Itaque de foedere negatum; indutiae biennii, cum per aliquot dies fatigassent singulos precibus, impetratae. Et ex Apulia Teanenses Canusinique populationibus fessi obsidibus L. Plautio consuli datis in deditionem uenerunt. Eodem anno primum praefecti Capuam creari coepti legibus ab L. Furio praetore datis, cum utrumque ipsi pro remedio aegris rebus discordia intestina petissent; et duae Romae additae tribus, Vfentina ac Falerna. Inclinatis semel in Apulia rebus Teates quoque Apuli ad nouos consules, C. Iunium Bubulcum Q. Aemilium Barbulam, foedus petitum uenerunt, pacis per omnem Apuliam praestandae populo Romano auctores. Id audacter spondendo impetrauere ut foedus daretur neque ut aequo tamen foedere sed ut in dicione populi Romani essent. Apulia perdomita—nam Forento quoque, ualido oppido, Iunius potitus erat—in Lucanos perrectum; inde repentino aduentu Aemili consulis Nerulum ui captum. Et postquam res Capuae stabilitas Romana disciplina fama per socios uolgauit, Antiatibus quoque, qui se sine legibus certis, sine magistratibus agere querebantur, dati ab senatu ad iura statuenda ipsius coloniae patroni; nec arma modo sed iura etiam Romana late pollebant.|