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History of Rome (Ab Urbe Condita) by Livy
Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book X Chapter 32: Again the Samnite war.[294 BC]
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Quintus Fabius and Publius Decius were succeeded in the consulship by Lucius Postumius Megellus and Marcus Atilius Regulus. Samnium was assigned to both of them as the field of operations in consequence of information received that three armies had been raised there, one being destined for Etruria, another was to ravage Campania, and the third was intended for the defence of their frontiers. Illness kept Postumius in Rome, but Atilius marched out at once in accordance with the senate's instructions, with the view of surprising the Samnite armies before they had started on their expeditions. He met the enemy, as though they had had a previous understanding, at a point where he himself was stopped from entering the Samnite country and at the same time barred any movement on their part towards Roman territory or the peaceable lands of her allies. The two camps confronted each other, and the Samnites, with the recklessness that comes of despair, ventured upon an enterprise which the Romans, who had been so often victorious, would hardly have undertaken, namely an attack on the enemy's camp. Their daring attempt did not achieve its end, but it was not altogether fruitless. During a great part of the day there had been so dense a fog that it was not only impossible to see anything beyond the rampart, but even people who were together were unable to see each other. The Samnites, relying on their movements being concealed, came on in the dim twilight -- what light there was being obscured by the fog -- and reached the outpost in front of the gate who were keeping a careless look-out, and who being thus attacked unawares had neither the strength nor the courage to offer any resistance. After disposing of the guard they entered the camp through the decuman gate and got possession of the quaestor's tent (1), the quaestor, Lucius Opimius Pansa, being killed. Then there was a general call to arms.

(1): This tent stood in the space between the Porta Decumana marked R and the Via Quintana marked Q in the plan of a Roman camp in the Class. Dict., where also the cavalry of the allies are marked who would be the nearest to the inrushing enemy. The Via Principalis ran from the one Porta Principalis (T) to the other (U).

Event: Fourth war with Samnites

Q. Fabium P. Decium L. Postumius Megellus et M. Atilius Regulus consules secuti sunt. Samnium ambobus decreta prouincia est, quia tres scriptos hostium exercitus, uno Etruriam, altero populationes Campaniae repeti, tertium tuendis parari finibus, fama erat. Postumium ualetudo aduersa Romae tenuit; Atilius extemplo profectus, ut in Samnio hostes—ita enim placuerat patribus—nondum egressos opprimeret. uelut ex composito ibi obuium habuere hostem, ubi et intrare ipsi Samnitium agrum prohiberentur et egredi inde in pacata sociorumque populi Romani fines Samnitem prohiberent. Cum castra castris conlata essent, quod uix Romanus totiens uictor auderet, ausi Samnites sunt —tantum desperatio ultima temeritatis facit—castra Romana oppugnare, et quamquam non uenit ad finem tam audax inceptum, tamen haud omnino uanum fuit. Nebula erat ad multum diei densa adeo ut lucis usum eriperet non prospectu modo extra uallum adempto sed propinquo etiam congredientium inter se conspectu. Hac uelut latebra insidiarum freti Samnites uixdum satis certa luce et eam ipsam premente caligine ad stationem Romanam in porta segniter agentem uigilias perueniunt. Improuiso oppressis nec animi satis ad resistendum nec uirium fuit. Ab tergo castrorum decumana porta impetus factus; itaque captum quaestorium quaestorque ibi L. Opimius Pansa occisus. Conclamatum inde ad arma.