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Quote of the day: On account of the things successfully do
Notes
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History of Rome (Ab Urbe Condita) by Livy
Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book X Chapter 42: The capture of Aquilonia.[293 BC]
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The consul [Note 1] was at first unaware of what was going on, and was anxious to recall his troops, for the sun was now rapidly sinking and the approaching night was making every place suspicious and dangerous, even for victorious troops. After he had ridden forward some distance he saw that the camp on his right hand had been captured, and he heard at the same time the mingled clamour of shouts and groans arising in the direction of the city on his left; just then the fighting at the gate was going on. As he approached more closely he saw his men on the walls and recognised that the position was no longer doubtful, since by the reckless daring of a few the opportunity for a brilliant success had been won. He at once ordered the troops whom he had recalled to be brought up and prepared for a regular attack on the city. Those who were within bivouacked near the gate as night was approaching, and during the night the place was evacuated by the enemy. The Samnite losses during the day amounted to 20,340 killed and 3870 made prisoners, whilst 97 standards were taken. It is noticed in the histories that hardly any other general ever appeared in such high spirits during the battle, either owing to his fearless temperament or to the confidence he felt in his final success. It was this dauntless and resolute character which prevented him from abandoning all idea of fighting when the omens were challenged. It was this, too, that made him in the very crisis of the struggle, at the moment when it is customary to vow temples to the gods, make a vow to Jupiter Victor that if he routed the legions of the enemy he would offer him a cup of sweetened wine before he drank anything stronger himself. This vow was acceptable to the gods and they changed the omens into favourable ones.

Note 1: consul = Papirius

Event: Fourth war with Samnites

Haec primo ignorare consul et intentus recipiendo exercitui esse; iam enim praeceps in occasum sol erat et appetens nox periculosa et suspecta omnia etiam uictoribus faciebat. Progressus longius ab dextra capta castra uidet, ab laeua clamorem in urbe mixtum pugnantium ac pauentium fremitu esse; et tum forte certamen ad portam erat. Aduectus deinde equo propius, ut suos in muris uidet nec iam integri quicquam esse, quoniam temeritate paucorum magnae rei parta occasio esset, acciri quas receperat copias signaque in urbem inferri iussit. Ingressi proxima ex parte quia nox appropinquabat quieuere; nocte oppidum ab hostibus desertum est. Caesa illo die ad Aquiloniam Samnitium milia uiginti trecenti quadraginta, capta tria milia octingenti et septuaginta, signa militaria nonaginta septem. Ceterum illud memoriae traditur non ferme alium ducem laetiorem in acie uisum seu suopte ingenio seu fiducia bene gerundae rei. Ab eodem robore animi neque controuerso auspicio reuocari a proelio potuit et in ipso discrimine quo templa deis immortalibus uoueri mos erat uouerat Ioui Victori, si legiones hostium fudisset, pocillum mulsi priusquam temetum biberet sese facturum. Id uotum dis cordi fuit et auspicia in bonum uerterunt.