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Translated by Rev. Canon Roberts
Book X Chapter 46: Triumph of Papirius and Carvilius[293 BC]
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Everything was now deep in snow, and it was impossible to remain any longer in the open, so the consul withdrew his army from Samnium. On his approach to Rome a triumph was granted to him by universal consent. This triumph, which he celebrated while still in office, was a very brilliant one for those days. The infantry and cavalry who marched in the procession were conspicuous with their decorations, many were wearing civic crowns, mural crowns, and vallarian crowns. The spoils of the Samnites attracted much attention; their splendour and beauty were compared with those which the consul's father had won, and which were familiar to all through their being used as decorations of public places Amongst those in the victor's train were some prisoners of high rank distinguished for their own or their fathers' military services; there were also carried in the procession 2,533,000 bronze ases, stated to be the proceeds of the sale of the prisoners, and 1830 pounds of silver taken from the cities. All the silver and bronze was stored in the treasury, none of this was given to the soldiers. This created dissatisfaction amongst the plebs, which was aggravated by the collection of the war tax to provide the soldiers' pay, for if Papirius celebrates had not been so anxious to get the credit of paying the price of the prisoners into the treasury there would have been enough to make a gift to the soldiers and also to furnish their pay. |
He dedicated the temple of Quirinus. I do not find in any ancient author that it was he who vowed this temple in the crisis of a battle, and certainly he could not have completed it in so short a time; it was vowed by his father when dictator, and the son dedicated it when consul, and adorned it with the spoils of the enemy. There was such a vast quantity of these that not only were the temple and the Forum adorned with them, but they were distributed amongst the allied peoples and the nearest colonies to decorate their public spaces and temples.
Carvilius' successes and triumph.
During this time Carvilius was making preparations to attack Troilum in Etruria. He allowed 470 of its wealthiest citizens to leave the place after they had paid an enormous sum by way of ransom; the town with the rest of its population he took by storm. Going on from there he carried five forts, positions of great natural strength. In these actions the enemy lost 2400 killed and 2000 prisoners. The Faliscans sued for peace, and he granted them a truce for one year on condition of their supplying a year's pay to his troops, and an indemnity of 100,000 ases of bronze coinage. After these successes he went home to enjoy his triumph, a triumph less illustrious than his colleague's in regard of the Samnite campaign, but fully equal to it considering his series of successes in Etruria. He brought into the treasury 380,000 ases out of the proceeds of the war, the rest he disposed of partly in contracting for the building of a temple to Fortis Fortuna, near the temple of that deity, which king Servius Tullius had dedicated, and partly as a donative to the soldiers, each legionary receiving 102 ases, the centurions and cavalry twice as much. This gift was all the more acceptable to the men after the niggardliness of his colleague.
Lucius Postumius, one of his staff, was indicted before the people, but was protected by the consul's popularity. His prosecutor was a tribune of the plebs, and the report was that he had evaded trial by being made a staff-officer, proceedings, therefore, could only be threatened without being carried out.
Event: Fifth war with Etruria
|Niues iam omnia oppleuerant nec durari extra tecta poterat; itaque consul exercitum de Samnio deduxit. uenienti Romam triumphus omnium consensu est delatus. Triumphauit in magistratu insigni, ut illorum temporum habitus erat, triumpho. Pedites equitesque insignes donis transiere ac transuecti sunt; multae ciuicae coronae uallaresque ac murales conspectae; inspectata spolia Samnitium et decore ac pulchritudine paternis spoliis, quae nota frequenti publicorum ornatu locorum erant, comparabantur; nobiles aliquot captiui, clari suis patrumque factis, ducti. Aeris grauis trauecta uiciens centum milia et quingenta triginta tria milia; id aes redactum ex captiuis dicebatur; argenti, quod captum ex urbibus erat, pondo mille octingenta triginta. Omne aes argentumque in aerarium conditum, militibus nihil datum ex praeda est; auctaque ea inuidia est ad plebem, quod tributum etiam in stipendium militum conlatum est cum, si spreta gloria fuisset captiuae pecuniae in aerarium inlatae, et militi tum <donum> dari ex praeda et stipendium militare praestari potuisset. Aedem Quirini dedicauit—quam in ipsa dimicatione uotam apud neminem ueterem auctorem inuenio, neque hercule tam exiguo tempore perficere potuisset—ab dictatore patre uotam filius consul dedicauit exornauitque hostium spoliis; quorum tanta multitudo fuit ut non templum tantum forumque iis ornaretur sed sociis etiam coloniisque finitimis ad templorum locorumque publicorum ornatum diuiderentur. Ab triumpho exercitum in agrum Vescinum, quia regio ea infesta ab Samnitibus erat, hibernatum duxit. Inter haec Caruilius consul in Etruria Troilum primum oppugnare adortus quadringentos septuaginta ditissimos, pecunia grandi pactos ut abire inde liceret, dimisit; ceteram multitudinem oppidumque ipsum ui cepit. Inde quinque castella locis sita munitis expugnauit. Caesa ibi hostium duo milia quadringenti, minus duo milia capti. Et Faliscis pacem petentibus annuas indutias dedit, pactus centum milia grauis aeris et stipendium eius anni militibus. His rebus actis ad triumphum decessit, ut minus clarum de Samnitibus quam collegae triumphus fuerat, ita cumulo Etrusci belli aequatum. Aeris grauis tulit in aerarium trecenta octoginta milia; reliquo aere aedem Fortis Fortunae de manubiis faciendam locauit prope aedem eius deae ab rege Ser. Tullio dedicatam; et militibus ex praeda centenos binos asses et alterum tantum centurionibus atque equitibus, malignitate collegae gratius accipientibus munus, diuisit. Fauor consulis tutatus ad populum est L. Postumium legatum eius, qui dicta die a M. Scantio tribuno plebis fugerat in legatione, ut fama ferebat, populi iudicium; iactarique magis quam peragi accusatio eius poterat.|