Short history of Parths|
Before the Parths occupied what is now Iran the Persians lived there.
Kings of that time are called the Achaemenids. They fought famous wars with Athens
etc., but they are only mentioned here if they are referred to in documents dealing
mainly with Roman history.
Parthia: the Arsacids
Alexander the Great
destroyed the Persian empire and its people became a part of the Seleucid kingdom.
In 247/48 BC the Arsacids revolted and created a Parthian kingdom.
171-138 BC:Mithradates I
123- 88 BCMithradates II
58 - 55 BC: Mithradates III
56 - 38 BC:Orodes II
Defeated Crassus at Carrhae,
but in 38 BC Marc Antony and
Ventidius Bassus dispossesed him
40 - 38 BC: Pacorus
invaded Syria and Palestina
105-147 AD:Vologases II
128-147 AD:Mithradates IV
213-215 AD:Caracalla fights against
Artabanus V and
Parthia: the Sassanids
In 224 the Sassanids revolted and became kings. They fought constantly against Rome.
241-272: Sapor I, who in 257 captured
310-379: Sapor II
383-388: Sapor III